Wednesday, December 21, 2011

MD Redistricting: Sen. Rich Madaleno Describes Two Options for District 18 Redistricting // Public Hearing On Splitting D18

UPDATE: Maryland Juice incorrectly listed the hearing time. The event is tomorrow 12/22/11 @ 10 am. Also, I've included a link to the Redistricting Commission's proposed D18 map. The option preserves the three-member D18 district. You can see the map below, along with the alternate subdistrict proposal.

Maryland Juice received the following forwarded email from District 18 State Senator Rich Madaleno. He describes two options concerning Maryland's District 18 and notes that today tomorrow at 10:00 am in Annapolis, there is a public hearing to discuss the proposed changes. (Sorry for just posting this now, folks). One of the proposals is to split the current three-member Delegate district into two subdistricts, in order to create a majority Hispanic district. Sen. Madaleno's email is below, along with maps of the proposed D18 with and without subdistricts:
D18 w/o subdistricts (click to zoom)
As you may know, the Governor's Redistricting Advisory Committee has recommended a plan for new state legislative districts in advance of the 2014 state general election.  Due to substantial growth on the western side of the county, several legislative districts need to move westward to balance the county's eight state districts.  As a result, this proposed plan makes several changes to District 18, four precincts on the east side of the district (13-14, 13-19, 13-42, and 13-66) are moved to District 20.  We pick up two precincts on our west side, one each from Districts 16 and 17 (4-04 and 4-08).  These precincts include the town of Garrett Park and the neighborhoods around the Grosvenor Metro Station and White Flint.  A map of the proposed district is attached.

The committee also reported to the governor that they studied an alternative to District 18 that would divide our district into two subdistricts for the House of Delegates.  Under this plan, Subdistrict 18A would be the southern two-thirds of the district and contain most of Kensington, Chevy Chase, Silver Spring, Garrett Park and Randolph Hills.  18A would be represented by two delegates and be 68% white.  All three current delegates live in 18A.  Subdistrict 18B would be the remaining parts of the district around Wheaton north of University Blvd and include three new precincts around Aspen Hill currently in District 19.  These three precincts are not in the recommended proposal described above.  To balance the population of this plan, we would lose the same four precincts to District 20 plus most of 13-44 to District 19.  Subdistrict 18B would be represented by one delegate and would be a majority Hispanic district.  A map for this proposal is also attached.  The senator for our district would continue to be elected "at-large" across both subdistricts
D18 w/ Subdistricts (click image)
The governor and the commission are holding a public hearing in Annapolis on Thursday to hear testimony about the recommended plan.  I know the governor is also interested in hearing comments about the two subdistrict alternative plan for District 18.  Pasted below is a statement from the commission that includes information on how to testify.  I am sorry I couldn't send this information to you earlier, but I only received the detailed information about the alternative earlier today.  I am trying to get it out as quickly as possible since the hearing is so soon.  Please take the time to let the governor know how you feel about both the recommended plan and the alternative plan for our district. 
As always, please let me know if you have any questions. 

Governor’s Redistricting Advisory Committee Recommends 
Maryland Legislative Redistricting Plan
Public Hearing to be Held on December 22nd at 10:00 a.m.

ANNAPOLIS – The Governor’s Redistricting Advisory Committee (GRAC) released today its unanimous recommendations for Maryland’s state legislative district boundary lines.  The Governor and the Committee invite the public to comment on the recommendations during a public hearing scheduled for Thursday, December 22, 2011 at 10:00 a.m. in the Joint Hearing Room, Legislative Services Building, in Annapolis, Maryland.

The map recommended by GRAC directly reflects the demographics of the State, the population trends that have occurred over the past decade, and the extensive public comments that the Committee heard from hundreds of Marylanders in 12 public hearings across the State, and in written comments.

“Throughout this process, the Governor’s Redistricting Advisory Committee made an extraordinary effort to take into account the many concerns and comments from experts and citizens from across Maryland,” said Secretary Jeanne Hitchcock. “As chair of the Committee, I believe the map we are submitting to the Governor accurately reflects the population shifts and the diversity of Maryland.”

“This map is a fair and balanced proposal,” said Senate President Thomas V. Mike Miller, Jr. “The Commission faced the very difficult task of taking into account the many recommendations we heard from counties, towns, communities and local elected officials and we did our very best to address their concerns while also remaining in full compliance with federal and State law.”

“The Committee has worked diligently to create a fair map that incorporates the public testimony, adheres to the Voting Rights Act, adjusts for population and demographic shifts and respects county and municipal boundaries,” said Speaker Michael E. Busch.  “I am confident this map reflects the changing face of Maryland and ensures every Marylander will have a voice in Annapolis.”

GRAC began its work based on the current legislative district map, drawn by the Maryland Court of Appeals in 2002.  The Committee was guided by State and federal Constitutional and legal provisions, and has produced a product that enhances minority voting rights, pays exceptional attention to respecting natural and political boundaries, and results in districts that are compact, contiguous, and protect communities.

  • The GRAC map has 12 districts that are majority African American – an increase from the 10 districts that the Court of Appeals drew in 2002.  This reflects the growth in African American population in the State, and provides a much stronger voice for the African American community.  These districts are 10, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 40, 41, 43, 44, 45, 47. 
  • In addition to the 12 majority African American districts, the map has 4 districts (20, 21, 28, 39) that are majority minority. 
  • For the first time in Maryland’s history, GRAC recommends the creation of a single-member Hispanic district in Prince George’s County, District 47B, which is over 63% Hispanic.  In addition, the Committee proposes as an option for public comment the creation of a 50% Hispanic single-member district in Montgomery County (18A).  While this recognizes the increased Hispanic population in Montgomery County, the Committee has concerns about the ability of the sub-district to elect a Hispanic candidate and, equally importantly, the impact of the creation of the sub-district on the remainder of the district (18B), which would be 68% white.  This option can be found here  
  • The GRAC map reduces to 13 the number of county crossings, from 14 in the map drawn by the Court of Appeals in 2002.  In order to preserve African American voting strength, GRAC recommends drawing District 44 as a district that consists of a single-member district in Baltimore City, and a double-member district in BaltimoreCounty.  GRAC also went to great lengths to respect municipal boundaries, and did not recommend any new splits of municipalities.

GRAC’s recommendations treat all regions of the State, and both political parties, fairly.

GRAC’s recommendations were well informed by the public testimony that we received across the State.  The recommended map reflects what we heard from people across the State, as evidenced by the following examples:
  • Communities across the State were united into a district, such as Pikesville, Montgomery Village, Aberdeen, and Camp Springs.  The Maryland City area of AnneArundel County was included in District 32, a northwest Anne Arundel district, significantly enhancing the minority vote in that region.  And one of the crossings in the map was done specifically to keep Mt. Airy, a municipality that is in Carroll and Frederick Counties, together. 
  • Carroll County will have a Senate district that is wholly in the County, District 5. 
  • By eliminating many crossings in Western Maryland, the Committee was able to eliminate several sub-districts, while preserving sub-districts that recognize large incorporated areas, such as Frederick and Hagerstown.
  •  On the Eastern Shore, Caroline County has sufficient population in District 36 to compete for a Delegate from Caroline. 
  • The significant African American community in Harford County’s District 34A has been kept together. District 44 encompasses African American communities in the Baltimore region, recognizing the population trends that have occurred over the past decade and preserving African American representation.

GRAC is pleased to present these recommendations, and looks forward to hearing public comment on the proposal.  The recommended map clearly complies with the letter and spirit of federal and State Constitutional and legal provisions.

GRAC was created on July 4, 2011 by Governor Martin O’Malley.  The Honorable Jeanne Hitchcock served as Chair, and Senate President Thomas V. Mike Miller, Jr., House Speaker Michael E. Busch, The Honorable James J. King, and Richard Stewart served on the Committee.


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